The WIAA began sponsoring a girls basketball tournament program in 1976.
The first champions were Madison West in Class A, Lancaster in Class B and Marshall in Class C, with Neenah, Clinton and Bloomington respective runners-up.
The tournament was held at the University of Wisconsin Field House in Madison exclusively until the tournament was played in the Kohl Center in 1998. It returned to the UW Field House for the 1999, 2000 and 2002 State Tournaments. The Kohl Center again played host to the event in 2001, 2003, 2005 and 2010-12. The Alliant Energy Center in Madison became the home for the girls tournament for the first time in 2004 and was the site of the tournament again from 2006-2009. The tournament moved to the Resch Center in Green Bay in 2013.
The tournament followed a three-class format until 1990-91 when a four-division format was adopted. After a two-year experimental period, the division format became permanent in 1992-93. In 2011, a fifth division was added and restructuring of the divisions qualified four teams in each division.
Cuba City has been to the State Tournament more than any other school with 14 appearances. Janesville Parker is next on that list with 12. Durand, Fall Creek, Milwaukee Washington, Newman Catholic and Oostburg are next with 10 State Tournaments. Prentice has made nine trips to State. Arrowhead, Barneveld, Kimberly, Middleton, Monroe, Owen-Withee and Watertown have made eight appearances. Algoma, Flambeau, Hudson, Merrill, Neenah, Oshkosh West, Portage and West Allis Hale are next with seven. Those with six appearances include Amherst, De Pere, Eau Claire Memorial, Fond du Lac, Hartford Union, Kettle Moraine, Madison West and Mukwonago.
Cuba City leads in the number of State titles won with nine, followed by Milwaukee Washington with five. Barneveld, Fall Creek, Flambeau, and Kimberly have four; and Algoma, De Pere, Janesville Parker, Luxemburg-Casco, Milwaukee Vincent, Monroe, Newman Catholic, Oostburg and Prentice are next with three. Amherst, Arrowhead, Columbus, Durand, Grafton, Hudson, Kewaunee, Lancaster, Madison West, Marshall, McFarland, New London, North Fond du Lac, Notre Dame, Oshkosh West, Pecatonica and Regis all have won two championships.
Cuba City (2005-07), Flambeau (2006-08), Milwaukee Vincent (2007-09) and Milwaukee Washington (1994-96) are the only schools with three consecutive State championships. Barneveld (1998-99), Columbus (2002-03), Cuba City (1990-91), Durand (1986-87), Fall Creek (1987-88), Janesville Parker (2000-01), Kewaunee (2012-13), Marshall (1976-77), New London (2011-12), Oshkosh West (2003-04) and Pecatonica (1993-94) have won back-to-back championships. There have been 80 different schools that have won championships.
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