The WIAA began its golf tournament program for girls in the fall of 1972. Madison West won the first team championship, finishing ahead of runner-up West Bend East and third-place Brookfield Central.
The first tournament was held at Winagamie, near Appleton. It has been held at various locations - Fond du Lac, Lawsonia, Wisconsin Rapids, Stevens Point, Lake Arrowhead, Janesville Riverside, University Ridge in Madison, and Cherokee Country Club in Madison in 2012. It returned to University Ridge in 2013 after course renovations were completed. The Tournament Series expanded from one division to two divisions in 2003. In 2020-21, the Meadow Valleys Course at Blackwolf Run in Kohler hosted the State Championships in two divisions in the fall and one alternate season division in the spring for schools opting out of the fall season because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Edgewood leads in number of team championships won with 15. Madison West, which won the first five State titles, and La Crosse Central are next in line with five. Appleton West, Arrowhead, Homestead and Middleton have won four titles, and Madison Memorial, Notre Dame and The Prairie School have won three.
Osceola has produced the largest number of medalists with eight. Madison Memorial has had six individual champions, and Appleton West, Edgewood and Racine Case have each produced five individual champions.
Brookfield Central has qualified a team for the State meeting more than any other program with 29, and Homestead has qualified 27 times. Edgewood is next with 24 then Middleton with 22. Arrowhead has qualified 21 times, and Madison Memorial is next on the list with 20 appearances.
In 2008, Lindsay Danielson of Osceola became the first golfer to win four individual championships (2005-08). Her sister, Casey Danielson, became the second individual to accomplish the feat from 2009-12. Heather Suhr of Racine Case and Jo Baranczak of Bay Port are the only other golfers to win medalist honors three times. Suhr won her Division 1 titles consecutively from 1996-98, and Baranczak won her titles in Division 1 in 2018 and 2019, and in the alternate season in 2020-21.
Two Madison Memorial girls--Chris Regenberg (1976-77) and Sherri Steinhauer (1979-80)--as well as Ellen Mielke of Appleton West (1985-86), Erika Brown of Madison La Follette (1989-90), Carly Werwie of Kenosha Bradford (2004-05), Tory Bauman of Nicolet (2007-08), Emily Joers of Waukesha South/North/West (2009, 11) and Jessica Reinecke of Verona (2012-13) have won medalist honors twice.
Casey Danielson shot the best 36-hole performance in a State Meet with a 138 (69-69) at University Ridge in 2010. There have been seven hole-in-ones recorded in the State Tournament. Holly Stark of Arrowhead and Lauren Anzelone of Racine Park both scored a hole-in-one at the 2001 State Meet. Jami Kessenich of Arrowhead accomplished the feat on hole 17 at University Ridge in 2008. Aimee Tripp of Onalaska did it on hole 8 at University Ridge in 2009, and Mari Pechacek of River Falls had an ace on hole 3 at University Ridge in 2011. Megan Elmes of Madison Memorial accomplished the feat on hole 5 at Cherokee Country Club in 2012, and Mary Hommen of Cambridge did it on hole 8 at University Ridge in 2019.