FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
NATIONAL FEDERATION OF STATE HIGH SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONS
Exception to Backcourt Violation Approved in High School Basketball Rules
INDIANAPOLIS, IN (May 14, 2018) — An exception to the backcourt violation and a clarification regarding specifications of the ball comprise the changes approved for the 2018‐19 high school basketball season.
The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) Basketball Rules Committee recommended the changes at its April 9‐11 meeting in Indianapolis, and all changes were subsequently approved by the NFHS Board of Directors.
Rule 9‐9‐1 states that “a player shall not be the first to touch the ball after it has been in team control in the frontcourt, if he/she or a teammate last touched or was touched by the ball in the frontcourt before it went to the backcourt.”
An exception was approved to note that any player who was located in the backcourt may recover a ball that is deflected from the frontcourt by the defense.
Theresia Wynns, NFHS director of sports and officials, said the committee approved the exception to ensure that a team is not unfairly disadvantaged on a deflected pass.
The other change approved by the Basketball Rules Committee involved more clearly defining the cover of the ball in Rule 1‐12‐1c, which now states that the ball “shall have a deeply‐pebbled granulated surface . . .”
Wynns said the term “granulated surface” should provide manufacturers a better idea of what a deeply‐pebbled cover should look like.
In addition to the two rules changes approved by the committee, several points of emphasis were identified for the coming season, including concussion recognition, proper procedures for blood issues and coaches monitoring injury and research trends.
“The committee wanted to stress continued education in recognizing signs and symptoms of concussions for coaches, athletes, parents and officials,” Wynns said. “In addition, concern of overuse injuries due to sport specialization should be monitored, and recognition of blood on players and uniforms and the proper procedure for removal of blood and return to play are other areas for education.”
Wynns noted that coaches have primary responsibility for making sure players are wearing legal uniforms and are legally equipped. She said emphasis will be given to rule enforcement in the areas of traveling, legal guarding position and establishing possession during loose‐ball situations. Lastly, the committee believes officials professionalism and use of proper terminology should be emphasized.
“Overall, the committee believes the rules of the sport are in great shape. These changes provide more clarification in areas where there has been inconsistency in interpretation and will help manufacturers in producing basketballs that meet NFHS specifications,” said Francine Martin, NFHS Basketball Rules Committee chair and assistant executive director of the Kansas State High School Activities Association. “The committee evaluated input from the NFHS basketball rules questionnaire, which is available for all coaches and officials to complete and provide input for future rules changes during the meeting. The points of emphasis are geared toward sports medicine issues and consistent interpretation of playing rules.”
A complete listing of all rules changes is available on the NFHS website at www.nfhs.org. Click on “Activities & Sports” at the top of the home page and select “Basketball.”
Basketball ranks third in popularity for both boys and girls with 550,305 male participants and 430,368 female participants, according to the 2017‐18 NFHS Athletics Participation Survey.
About the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS)
The NFHS, based in Indianapolis, Indiana, is the national leadership organization for high school sports and performing arts activities. Since 1920, the NFHS has led the development of education‐based interscholastic sports and performing arts activities that help students succeed in their lives. The NFHS sets direction for the future by building awareness and support, improving the participation experience, establishing consistent standards and rules for competition, and helping those who oversee high school sports and activities. The NFHS writes playing rules for 17 sports for boys and girls at the high school level. Through its 50 member state associations and the District of Columbia, the NFHS reaches more than 19,000 high schools and 11 million participants in high school activity programs, including more than 7.9 million in high school sports. As the recognized national authority on interscholastic activity programs, the NFHS conducts national meetings; sanctions interstate events; offers online publications and services for high school coaches and officials; sponsors professional organizations for high school coaches, officials, speech and debate coaches, and music adjudicators; serves as the national source for interscholastic coach training; and serves as a national information resource of interscholastic athletics and activities. For more information, visit the NFHS website at www.nfhs.org.
Bruce Howard, 317‐972‐6900
Director of Publications and Communications National Federation of State High School Associationsbhoward@nfhs.org
Chris Boone, 317‐972‐6900
Assistant Director of Publications and Communications National Federation of State High School Associationscboone@nfhs.org
The Spalding TF1000 Classic ZK basketball will be the official tournament basketball for sectional and state tournament games in 2018-19.
PRIOR TO FIRST GAME
Make sure coaching box is properly marked on floor. Measure 28 feet from the baseline and place a tape line outside the boundary. That gives you a 28 foot box.
If you have a design/logo in the center of your basketball court, make sure that you have the center restraining circle and center line properly marked as required by NFHS rules. See page 9 of the current NFHS Basketball Rules book for details.
Please review the timing guidelines along with the introduction format. Please share this information with your scoring table personnel and announcer.
Check the pressure of your rims. Many of you may have never had your rims pulled down and may not be "in proper condition". Check with the manufacturer to insure that your rims meet specifications -- pages 12-13 of the NFHS Basketball Rules book.
60 second time-out --- buzz warning horn with 15 seconds remaining
30 second time-out --- buzz warning horn with 15 seconds remaining
15 seconds to:
replace a disqualified player (5 fouls) - buzz warning horn with 15 seconds remaining
replace an injured player - buzz warning horn with 15 seconds remaining. Don't start clock until official indicates.
replace a player directed to leave the game - buzz warning horn with 15 seconds remaining
18 minute halves
1 minute interval prior to any overtime periods
10 minute halftime (unless otherwise arranged ... parent nights, etc.)
Overtime periods - 4 minutes in length
15:00: Warm-up Begins - officials enter court and go directly to positions to supervise warm-up.
12:00: Officials conduct pregame meeting with team captains.
10:00: Officials proceed to scoretable and check scorebooks, brief scorer and timer, check game ball for NFHS authenticating mark, and check alternating-possession arrow.
1:30: Officials introduce themselves to coaching staff and inquire about legality of player equipment. Remove jackets and prepare to begin game.
0:00: National Anthem or Pledge of Allegiance followed by introduction of players.
To honor America and those defending our freedom, we ask those who are able, to stand, remove your hats and place your hand over your heart for the playing of the National Anthem.
All five starters of the visiting team shall be introduced first followed by the five starters for the home team. Players shall not seek out the opposing coach to shake his/her hand. Players should proceed to the free throw circle in front of their bench and not run to the center of the floor. Player should not hold hands or swing their hands during the National Anthem.
We are required to follow NFHS uniform with regard to "pink events". Only pink socks, shoe laces, or shoes would be allowed. We have specific color requirements for wristbands and headbands. If you order uniforms, make sure you do not order pink as a color unless pink is very dark and can be used as your "dark uniform". White is required to be worn at home. Please proactive with your coach so that this doesn't become an issue if the team wishes to do a "pink event".
DAITH EAR PIERCINGS
A daith piercing would be considered jewelry and needs to be removed prior to competition unless a waiver is requested and granted from the WIAA. In order to get a waiver, a medical statement from a licensed doctor would need to be submitted to the WIAA. Coach will be provided with a waiver to show to officials prior to the game if approved. Piercings must be taped/covered.
Headbands: Medical/Religious - Wrap Around w/Knot
Specific procedures have been established for allowing a head covering to be worn for medical or religious reasons. A player who is required to wear a head covering for medical or religious reasons must provide a physician statement or appropriate documented evidence to the WIAA for approval. If approved, the WIAA shall provide written authorization to the school to be made available to officials.
Wrap-around headband with knot - Illegal. Skylar Diggins-type headband - illegal.
In basketball, not much is allowed when it comes to pink events. If one team wears pink uniforms, the other team must wear white.
Otherwise, the only things allowed would be: 1) pink socks, 2) pink shoe laces, and/or 3) pink warmups/t-shirts. Pink wristbands or headbands are not allowed — unless the jersey is pink.
A pink ball is not allowed.
Officials may use a pink whistle.
Question: Can Middle Level Coaches use the 28-foot coaching box?
Answer: Only High School Coaches are given the opportunity to use the coaching box. This applies to grades 9-12, and all levels (i.e. Freshmen, JV, Varsity, etc.)
Question: Team A is behind late in the game. They have no time outs. The shoot and make a shot. After the ball goes through a player from team A immediately grabs the ball and throws it into the crowd. It was an intentional act to stop the clock and to set up their press.
Answer: Refer to the NFHS Basketball Case Book (Page 77, Rule 10.2.1 Situation D)
Immediately following a goal by A1, A3 slaps the ball away so that Team B is unable to make a quick throw-in. RULING: The official shall sound his/her whistle and go to the table to have the scorer record a team warning for delay. The warning shall then be reported to the head coach of Team A. Any subsequent delay by Team A shall result in a team technical foul charged to Team A (4-47-3)
Question: Towards the end of the game (say under 2 minutes), the coach for the defensive team is yelling and telling the players to foul, foul, foul - to stop the clock and maybe give their team a chance to get the ball back.
What is the ruling? Please let me know the rule or case book ref, and follow-up on this situation. I thought this was not legal. Some coaches use a code word (red or similar) to indicate the team should foul, but I did not think it was ok to yell, foul, foul, etc. to stop the clock.
Answer: Refer to the NFHS Basketball Case Book. (Page 28, Rule 4.19.3 Situation D)
Late in the fourth quarter Team B is trailing by six points. Team B’s head coach begins to yell to his or her player to ‘foul, foul, foul!” B1 responds by (a) grabbing A1 from behind, or (b) reaching for the ball but illegally contacting A1 on the arm. RULING: In (a), an intentional foul shall be ruled. In (b), a common foul shall be ruled as B1 was making a legitimate attempt to ‘play the ball’. COMMENT: Fouling near the end of a game is an acceptable coaching and playing strategy. Officials must determine if a foul is intentional by judging the fouling act itself, not wheter or not the coach instructed a player to perform the act.
Question: Team A has the ball on the base line and inbounds it, touched by Team A then goes in the backcourt and is again touched by Team A. This is over and back call - violation, is this correct?
Answer: This would not be an over and back situation. There is TEAM control when the ball is in possession out of bounds. There is not PLAYER CONTROL until the ball is entered. Therefore, if PLAYER CONTROL has not been established, there cannot be an over and back.