Bad Time and Advancement in Consolation Brackets Addressed
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
INDIANAPOLIS, IN (May 6, 2014) — High school wrestling rules changes focused on changes in the definition of bad time and advancement of wrestlers in the consolation bracket.
Changes to Rules 5-1-1 and 10-2-9 were recommended by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) Wrestling Rules Committee at its April 14-16 meeting in Indianapolis. The committee’s recommendations were subsequently approved by the NFHS Board of Directors.
In addition to previous language in Rule 5-1-1, the committee agreed that bad time is wrestled with the wrestlers in the wrong position or the wrong wrestler being given choice of position “at the start of the second 30-second tiebreaker” and “at the start of the ultimate tiebreaker.”
The previous definition did not include situations where the wrong wrestler was given choice of position at the start of the second 30-second tiebreaker or the start of the ultimate tiebreaker.
Rule 10-2-9 previously addressed the protocol when two wrestlers in the championship bracket simultaneously could not continue the match but did not address a plan for advancement to the consolation bracket when points had been scored in the match.
The additional language will state that if the match is tied at the time of termination, the wrestler who scored the first point(s) in the match (first three periods, or first or second 30-second tiebreaker) will continue in the consolation bracket. If no points were scored, neither wrestler will continue.
“I am very proud of the NFHS Wrestling Rules Committee’s work,” said Alan Beste, chair of the NFHS Wrestling Rules Committee and assistant executive director of the Iowa High School Athletic Association. “Oftentimes, people think successful committee meetings are only accomplished when numerous changes are made. This year, the rules committee reviewed many aspects of the high school wrestling program and determined there was no need for a large number of rules changes. We will continue to monitor the annual NFHS wrestling rules questionnaire sent to state associations, coaches and referees to determine the need for future changes.”
Wrestling is the sixth-most popular sport for boys at the high school level with 270,163 participants in 10,488 schools during the 2012-13 season, according to the NFHS Athletics Participation Survey. In addition, 8,727 girls were involved in wrestling in 1,602 high schools.
AVOIDING WRESTLING AND ENCOURAGING WRESTLING IN CENTER OF MAT
Going out of the wrestling area by either wrestler or forcing an opponent out of the wrestling area at any time as a means of avoiding wrestling is a technical violation (Rule 7-3-1). There are many occasions when this happens and no call is made or a wrestler is called for stalling when the appropriate call would be a technical violation for fleeing the mat. There can be no technical violation of fleeing the mat if near-fall points have been earned.
One common scenario that occurs is often initiated from the offensive/defensive starting position in the center of the mat when both wrestlers work their way to their feet and the action goes out of bounds. It can be difficult to determine if the offensive wrestler is pushing the defensive wrestler out of bounds, if the defensive wrestling is running out of bounds to make it look like the offensive wrestler is pushing him/her out, or if it is aggressive action by both wrestlers. Another common scenario is when one wrestler has a single leg in the air near the out-of-bounds line, and the other wrestler tries to jump or spin out of the situation and ends up out of bounds.
In the above situations as well as similar situations where a wrestler may be using the edge of the mat to get out of a situation, judgment is required by the referee with the primary question being “Was the wrestler wrestling aggressively and trying to stay in bounds or using the edge of the mat as a means to avoiding wrestling?” If he/she was using the edge of the mat as a means of avoiding wrestling, a technical violation should be called. Good wrestling action requires both wrestlers to make an honest attempt to stay within the wrestling area.
PREVENTING FALSE STARTS FROM CREATING INJURIES – PREVENTIVE OFFICIATING
Preventive officiating must be on every referee’s mind. One area of concern is injuries that occur during false starts from the neutral position. To avoid such injuries, the referee should stretch his/her arm(s) out between and parallel to the starting lines before blowing the whistle. By doing so, the referee can block either wrestler who false starts prior to the whistle, thus reducing the potential for injury to one or both wrestlers.
AUTHORITY/RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OFF-MAT REFEREE TO CALL FLAGRANT/UNSPORTSMANLIKE CONDUCT
The jurisdiction time of the referee begins when he/she arrives at the site of the competition and concludes with the approval of the scorebook in dual-meet competition and after signing the bout sheet after the last match in tournament competition. In either dual meets or individual tournaments, when a referee is not on the mat working, he/she still has jurisdiction in the mat area and responsibility for enforcing NFHS wrestling rules associated with the mat area. The referee on the mat is responsible for his/her match, but other referees involved in the competition should offer assistance in the mat area when necessary. Referees are reminded that just because they are not officiating a match, they still have responsibilities for enforcement of rules that extend beyond officiating a match.
The NFHS wrestling rules define special equipment as any equipment worn that is not required by rule. Whenever a wrestler has hair that does not conform to the rule, a legal hair covering must be worn. Because of the physical contact in the sport of wrestling, hair that does not meet the rule is considered a safety issue as it may pose a risk to an opponent. Using a legal hair covering for hair that does not meet the rule helps to minimize the risk.
Legal hair coverings must be made of a solid material, must be nonabrasive and must be attached to the wrestling ear guards. The attached legal hair covering may be worn either inside or outside of the wrestling ear guards. The attached legal hair covering must be brought to weigh-ins and inspected by the referee to determine their conformity to proper grooming with the legal hair covering on. The legal hair covering must be removed before the wrestler weighs in. If the referee does not conduct the weigh-ins, then the referee must check the legal hair covering prior to the meet.
The goal of wrestling is to have a continual match without interruptions except for normal out-of-bounds situations, the end of periods, etc. Legal hair coverings that are secured to the wrestling ear guards have less of a chance of coming off during the match than hair coverings that are not secured to the wrestling ear guards.
The manufacturers of legal hair coverings and wrestling ear guards have been alerted a year in advance of this rule change and some have chosen to modify their legal hair coverings accordingly. This new rule will significantly improve the continuity of matches whenever a wrestler is required by rule to wear a legal hair covering.
CLEANING WRESTLING MATS AND WRESTLING EQUIPMENT
Communicable diseases are a major concern in the sport of wrestling. It is imperative that ALL schools continually use best practices to control the spread of communicable diseases. A major aid in preventing the spread of communicable disease is to properly clean all wrestling mats and wrestling equipment.
Practice and competition wrestling mats must be cleaned prior to practicing or competing on them. Cleaning wrestling mats prior to use is highly recommended. An effective disinfectant is a solution of 1:100 chlorine bleach and water (¼ cup chlorine bleach to each gallon of water, or 1 tablespoon of chlorine bleach to each quart of water). There is no advantage of using a stronger chlorine bleach and water solution than what is recommended above. Commercial disinfectant products are also available.
When cleaning wrestling mats, it is beneficial to walk backwards in an effort to minimize contamination from the shoes of the individual who is cleaning the wrestling mat. Be sure that any product used states that it is effective against viruses, fungi and bacteria. Typically, the label will state the cleaner is bactericidal, fungicidal and virucidal. Please follow the label directions closely for the best effectiveness.
Several items should be kept at wrestling mat side to effectively deal with blood or other body fluids, including disposable towels and/or gauze pads, spray bottles containing a 1:100 chlorine bleach and water solution or a commercially prepared disinfectant solution. Protective gloves and disposable plastic bags must also be readily available to clean up blood or bodily fluids.
Likewise, it is imperative to clean all wrestling equipment daily. All workout gear should be cleaned after each practice. This includes towels, clothing, headgear, shoes, knee pads and any bags used to transport this equipment. In addition to cleaning wrestling equipment and wrestling mats properly, a few basic steps must be taken by all involved in the sport in order to minimize the risk of spreading communicable diseases.
• Educate coaches, athletes, referees and parents about communicable skin conditions and how they are spread.
• Maintain proper ventilation in the wrestling room to prevent the build-up of heat and humidity.
• Emphasize to the athletes the importance of showering immediately after each practice and competition with antibacterial soap.
• Wash all workout clothing and personal gear after each practice.
• Perform daily skin checks to ensure early recognition of potential communicable skin conditions. Athletes cannot be allowed to practice or compete if an active infection is suspected, even if the infection is covered.
• Do not share towels or personal hygiene products (razors) with others.
• Refrain from full body (chest, arms, abdomen) cosmetic shaving.
Communicable diseases are preventable. Following these steps can certainly decrease the chance that these communicable diseases will be spread among the athletes in the wrestling room and/or during competition.
Printable Version - Print and place in your rules book for reference.
A. Weigh-in must be conducted shoulder-to-shoulder within the specified weigh-in period by a licensed referee who is officiating the varsity or JV match that day.
O. There is no penalty associated with lowering of shoulder straps.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Due to Wisconsin 7 percent guidelines and state adaptations with respect to growth allowance dates, Federation rule 1-3-2a& b is not applicable.
The assumption of the rules change is to not allow a defensive wrestler the opportunity to commit an illegal hold, unnecessary roughness or unsportsmanlike act in order to negate possible near-fall points or a fall.
Whenever a match is stopped, the addition of a near-fall point(s)and the penalty point shall be awarded. Stoppage is defined as: 1)stopping the match due to the penalty (The match need not be stopped unless the referee finds it necessary to do so to protect the wrestler); 2) going out of bounds; or 3) period ends.
When near-fall criteria is imminent and a penalty point is to be given, the award will be two points for imminent near-fall and one point for the penalty. Should near-fall criteria be met, as defined in Rule 5-2-4 and a penalty point is to be given, the award will be three points for meeting near-fall criteria and one point for the penalty.Should near-fall criteria be met for a period of five seconds, as defined in Rule 5-2-6 and a penalty point is to be given, the award will be four points for meeting the five-second count and one point for the penalty. Also, if the referee is making a delayed penalty call and the defensive wrestler maneuvers out of criteria (such as bellying down) or the offensive wrestler continues on to earn a two- or three-piont near fall, the penalty point is to be awarded, as is the additional near-fall point.
This addition of this language promotes the philosophy that should a defensive wrestler commit an illegal act, have an injury or bleeds then the opponent shall receive points earned plus the addition of a near-fall point or in the case of meeting the imminent near-fall criteria, two points, plus a point for the infraction that stopped the match or the match was otherwise stopped.
The offended wrestler may receive a minimum of two near-fall points and a penalty point for a total of three near-fall points, or a maximum of four near-fall points and a penalty point for a total of five points. Should the penalty sequence (8-1-3) come into play, the offending wrestler may also be disqualified.
NF Pts. Penalty Total Pts. Awarded
NF (5-2-5f) -- 2 (Penalty); 1 (total points); 3 (Awarded)
NF (5-2-5g) -- 3 (Penalty); 1 (total points); 4 (Awarded)
NF (5-2-5h) -- 4 (Penalty); 1 (total points); 5 (Awarded)
Technical Violation (Rule 7-3-2) ? Going out of the wrestling area or forcing an opponent out of the wrestling area by either wrestler to avoid wrestling is considered a technical violation. It should be noted that in a recent NFHS rules interpretation release,that it was determined that a penalty point for this violation will be awarded in "addition to" any other points earned. Of course, penalty points shall not be awarded in situations where near-fall points have been earned. Most officials throughout Wisconsin have not handled this violation in that manner. The recent example cited was that a wrestler who is about to be taken down intentionally goes out to bounds in an attempt to avoid the take down. The take down is successfully completed as both feet finish in bounds and control has been established. The referee now awards two points take down and one point for the technical violation. The take down does not nullify the technical violation. This interpretation is consistent with other technical violations such as grasping of clothing, locked hands, and figure fou raround the head in a neutral position. Points are awarded in addition to the point for the technical violation.
Near Fall Points ? (Rule 5-2-5 f, g, h) ? There has been some confusion and misinterpretation in regard to the application of the rule regarding the awarding of near-fall points when the defensive wrestler commits an illegal hold, technical violation, unnecessary roughness or unsportsmanlike conduct. Keep in mind that it is not the intent of this rule to take the defensive wrestler off his back unless you feel it is necessary in order to prevent injury to either wrestler. Proper communication by the official to the wrestlers will usually avoid stopping the match during the near-fall situation. Should you have to take a wrestler off his back due to repeated unnecessary roughness or repeated unsportsmanlike conduct, the official could easily be justified in calling flagrant misconduct at that point.
If wrestling is stopped just prior to near fall criteria being met,then the offensive wrestler has earned a 2 point NF in addition to the penalty point. (3 points total) If wrestling is stopped once criteria has been met but prior to the five second count, then the wrestler has earned a 3 pt. NF in addition to the penalty point. (4 points total) If wrestling is stopped after a 3 pt. NF has been earned (five second count), then a 4 point NF will be awarded in addition to the penalty point (5 points total).
The majority of time the official will not stop the match once criteria has been met. In other words, when the near fall situation has ended, then the match will be stopped and the points will be awarded as described above. Just because you did not take the defensive wrestler off his back does not nullify this rule. They have earned and will be awarded the maximum number of points as described above.
Medical Personnel Information
Parent Permission Form
Participation Release Form for Skin Lesion
Skin Condition Video
Sports Safety Information
Hydration for Athletes
MRSA in Sports
Sequence to Determine Whether Injured Athlete May Continue to Participate
Coach/AD Minimum Weight Information (updated 10/4/13)
Skinfold Test Preparations
Skinfold Measurers List for 2013-14 (updated 10/3/13)
Hydration Testing Information
Hydration Testing Supplies Form (updated 10/3/13)
Hydrostatic Weighing/DXA Appeal Information (updated 10/3/13)
The Wrestler's Diet booklet - Print and distribute to your wrestlers
Nutrition Diary Information
Weight Loss Information
Food Guide Pyramid - New 2012-13
High Carb Menus - New 2012-13
Five Minute Meals - New 2012-13
Sports Nutrition Quiz - New 2012-13
Wisconsin Wrestling Coaches Association - Aspiring Wrestling Officials Program
Weighing In Female Wrestlers
Information for Medical Personnel
Injury Time Outs
Sequence to Determine Whether Injured Athlete Can Continue to Participate
Concussions and the Referee
Verbal Communication for Wrestling Referees
Role of the Off-Mat Official - New
Bad Time/Corrections of Errors
Pre-Meet Talk Information 2013-14
Review of Skin Condition Medical Release
Reporting to the Mat
Seeding - Tournaments/Regionals
Weigh In Procedures 2012-13
Wrestling Participation Release Form
Athletes and Skin Infections (Course)
NWCA Skin Infection Webinar
NFHS Sports Hygiene
NFHS Skin Infection
The Mat Doc
WIAA Season Regulations
WIAA Tournament Procedures
NFHS Rules Website
NFHS Wrestling Rule Publications
NFHS WR Officials' Signals
Wisconsin Wrestling Coaches Associaiton
NCAA Eligibility Info
Rules Meetings & Exams
NFHS HS Today
Guide for Officials
Become an Official
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