Forfeits No Longer Affect Wrestler’s One-day Limit
INDIANAPOLIS, IN (April 25, 2013) — Effective with the 2013-14 season, forfeits in high school wrestling will no longer count toward a wrestler’s daily match limit. Currently, wrestlers are limited by rule to five matches in one day.
This change in Rule 1-4-2 was one of five rules changes made by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) Wrestling Rules Committee at its April 8-10 meeting in Indianapolis. The changes were subsequently approved by the NFHS Board of Directors.
“The limit on the number of matches permitted in any one calendar day was established as a safeguard to prevent any wrestler from undo fatigue, thus increasing the possibility of injury,” said Dale Pleimann, chair of the NFHS Wrestling Rules Committee and former assistant executive director of the Missouri State High School Activities Association. “Since there is no fatigue or exertion involved with accepting a forfeit, the committee felt that it was not necessary to count forfeits in the match total for any wrestler.”
In other revisions, the committee altered Rules 1-1-4 and 10-1-2 to allow the use of electronic devices for video recording and review by the wrestler or coach unless prohibited by the state high school association. Also, the use of electronic devices that enables communication between a coach and athlete during a match is still prohibited (Rule 4-3-6).
In Rule 4-5 regarding weigh-ins, the committee approved a new article concerning wrestlers who have been approved to wear an artificial limb. Rule 4-5-9 states that the wrestler must weigh-in with the artificial limb if he or she chooses to wrestle with it on. In addition, once the wrestler has weighed in while wearing the artificial limb, it cannot be removed during competition. With these revisions, competitors who have been approved by their state associations to wear an artificial limb have the option to wear or not to wear the artificial limb during competition, but must weigh-in accordingly.
“The concern was that if a wrestler weighed-in with an artificial limb (and) then decided to remove the artificial limb for the match, the wrestler’s weight without the artificial limb might not qualify the wrestler for that weight class,” Pleimann said. “The changes require that if the wrestler weighs-in with an artificial limb, then the wrestler shall wear the artificial limb when competing.”
The committee approved an addition to Rule 5-1-1 that allows for bad time if a wrestler is not given the choice of position after a two-point stalling penalty. In addition, Rule 6-6-2d was approved and adds “after a two-point stalling penalty” as an instance when an error occurs in positioning wrestlers that would result in canceled points during bad time.
In other revisions approved by the committee, Rule 4-2-1 states that starting with the 2014-15 season, if a hair cover is worn by a wrestler, it shall be attached to the ear guards. The intent of this rule change is to help maintain continuous action during competition.
“The Rules Committee feels that the sport of high school wrestling is in very good shape and, therefore, made only a few minor changes to the rules for the 2013-14 season,” Pleimann said.
Wrestling is the sixth-most popular sport for boys at the high school level with 272,149 participants in 10,407 schools during the 2011-12 season, according to the NFHS Athletics Participation Survey. In addition, 8,235 girls were involved in wrestling in 1,441 high schools.
Printable Version - Print and place in your rules book for reference.
A. Weigh-in must be conducted shoulder-to-shoulder within the specified weigh-in period by a licensed referee who is officiating the varsity or JV match that day.
O. There is no penalty associated with lowering of shoulder straps.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Due to Wisconsin 7 percent guidelines and state adaptations with respect to growth allowance dates, Federation rule 1-3-2a& b is not applicable.
The assumption of the rules change is to not allow a defensive wrestler the opportunity to commit an illegal hold, unnecessary roughness or unsportsmanlike act in order to negate possible near-fall points or a fall.
Whenever a match is stopped, the addition of a near-fall point(s)and the penalty point shall be awarded. Stoppage is defined as: 1)stopping the match due to the penalty (The match need not be stopped unless the referee finds it necessary to do so to protect the wrestler); 2) going out of bounds; or 3) period ends.
When near-fall criteria is imminent and a penalty point is to be given, the award will be two points for imminent near-fall and one point for the penalty. Should near-fall criteria be met, as defined in Rule 5-2-4 and a penalty point is to be given, the award will be three points for meeting near-fall criteria and one point for the penalty.Should near-fall criteria be met for a period of five seconds, as defined in Rule 5-2-6 and a penalty point is to be given, the award will be four points for meeting the five-second count and one point for the penalty. Also, if the referee is making a delayed penalty call and the defensive wrestler maneuvers out of criteria (such as bellying down) or the offensive wrestler continues on to earn a two- or three-piont near fall, the penalty point is to be awarded, as is the additional near-fall point.
This addition of this language promotes the philosophy that should a defensive wrestler commit an illegal act, have an injury or bleeds then the opponent shall receive points earned plus the addition of a near-fall point or in the case of meeting the imminent near-fall criteria, two points, plus a point for the infraction that stopped the match or the match was otherwise stopped.
The offended wrestler may receive a minimum of two near-fall points and a penalty point for a total of three near-fall points, or a maximum of four near-fall points and a penalty point for a total of five points. Should the penalty sequence (8-1-3) come into play, the offending wrestler may also be disqualified.
NF Pts. Penalty Total Pts. Awarded
NF (5-2-5f) -- 2 (Penalty); 1 (total points); 3 (Awarded)
NF (5-2-5g) -- 3 (Penalty); 1 (total points); 4 (Awarded)
NF (5-2-5h) -- 4 (Penalty); 1 (total points); 5 (Awarded)
Technical Violation (Rule 7-3-2) ? Going out of the wrestling area or forcing an opponent out of the wrestling area by either wrestler to avoid wrestling is considered a technical violation. It should be noted that in a recent NFHS rules interpretation release,that it was determined that a penalty point for this violation will be awarded in "addition to" any other points earned. Of course, penalty points shall not be awarded in situations where near-fall points have been earned. Most officials throughout Wisconsin have not handled this violation in that manner. The recent example cited was that a wrestler who is about to be taken down intentionally goes out to bounds in an attempt to avoid the take down. The take down is successfully completed as both feet finish in bounds and control has been established. The referee now awards two points take down and one point for the technical violation. The take down does not nullify the technical violation. This interpretation is consistent with other technical violations such as grasping of clothing, locked hands, and figure fou raround the head in a neutral position. Points are awarded in addition to the point for the technical violation.
Near Fall Points ? (Rule 5-2-5 f, g, h) ? There has been some confusion and misinterpretation in regard to the application of the rule regarding the awarding of near-fall points when the defensive wrestler commits an illegal hold, technical violation, unnecessary roughness or unsportsmanlike conduct. Keep in mind that it is not the intent of this rule to take the defensive wrestler off his back unless you feel it is necessary in order to prevent injury to either wrestler. Proper communication by the official to the wrestlers will usually avoid stopping the match during the near-fall situation. Should you have to take a wrestler off his back due to repeated unnecessary roughness or repeated unsportsmanlike conduct, the official could easily be justified in calling flagrant misconduct at that point.
If wrestling is stopped just prior to near fall criteria being met,then the offensive wrestler has earned a 2 point NF in addition to the penalty point. (3 points total) If wrestling is stopped once criteria has been met but prior to the five second count, then the wrestler has earned a 3 pt. NF in addition to the penalty point. (4 points total) If wrestling is stopped after a 3 pt. NF has been earned (five second count), then a 4 point NF will be awarded in addition to the penalty point (5 points total).
The majority of time the official will not stop the match once criteria has been met. In other words, when the near fall situation has ended, then the match will be stopped and the points will be awarded as described above. Just because you did not take the defensive wrestler off his back does not nullify this rule. They have earned and will be awarded the maximum number of points as described above.
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