4-3-1, 2 Penalty, 9-6-1 Penalty For the wearing of an illegal uniform, when a violation is observed and noted by a meet official, the competitor shall be required to make the uniform legal before becoming eligible for further competition and shall be issued a warning that a subsequent violation shall result in a disqualification from the event. The referee shall be notified of the violation by the observing meet official and the referee shall notify, or cause to be notified, the head coach of the offending school of the competitor’s violation and warning.
Rationale: The adjustment of this penalty, to an individual warning and disqualification for a subsequent violation of the same rule, is more appropriate for the severity of the actual violation. The responsibility remains with the coach to have athletes in legal uniforms for competition. Preventative officiating will be significant to reduce potential violations and keep the meet progressing smoothly.
4-6-7 Removes reference to any other person as assistance (includes non-persons as well).
Printable Version - Click here to print a copy for placement in your rules book.
Rule 9-1-1 - The maximum length of a course is 5000 meters for boys and 5000 meters for girls. Other distances, during the regular season, are acceptable.
(1) Headwear - Only knit caps which may be solid or multi-colored. School name, school nickname, or school mascots are legal along with a single manufacturer's logl/trademark no more than 2 1/4 square inches with no dimension more than 2 1/4 inches is permissible.(4) The identical uniform rule applies to all varsity and nonvarsity teams.
(2) Headbands worn as earwarmers are allowed and subject to same rules as knit caps. Bandannas folded as a headband are not allowed.
NIKE TEAM NATIONALS AND OTHER POST-SEASON TEAM COMPETITIONS
NXN is a post-season competition that involves a regional qualifying round. The WIAA does not allow high school teams to participate in these meets but, does allow “club teams” to participate.
*No contact with the high school cross country coach is allowed after the date of the State Cross Country Meet. *The team must be a club team. No high school uniforms, warm-ups, transportation, or funding is allowed. The team should not be identified as the high school team. For example; “Central High School” is not acceptable but “Cheetahs Running Team” would be.
*Teams may not be chosen or invited based upon their performance at the WIAA State Cross Country Meet. They must run a qualifying meet which is open to all.
*Amateur status rules must be followed. From the Rules At A Glance: C. AMATEUR STATUS A student may not accept, receive and/or direct to another, any cash or merchandise awards for achievement in athletics. This means athletes may not accept items such as shoes, jackets, gift certificates, etc., for athletic accomplishments, such as being on a winning team, being selected for the school varsity team, or being a place winner in an individual tournament, etc. They may receive an award which is symbolic in nature, such as trophies, medals, ribbons, event T-shirts, event hats, game balls or other items of no intrinsic value. Rules further prevent athletes from receiving compensation or benefit, directly or indirectly, for the use of name, picture and/or personal appearance as an athlete. This includes receiving free and/or reduced rates on equipment, apparel, camps/clinics/instruction and competitive opportunities that are not identical for all other participants. A student may not be identified as an athlete, provide endorsement as an athlete, or appear as an athlete in the promotion of a commercial/advertisement and/or profit-making event, item, plan or service. Also, an athlete violates this rule if he/she plays in any contest (school or nonschool) under a name other than his/her own. (RE – Art. IV).
2014 Cross Country Q & A’s
Vol. 1 – 9/12/14
QUESTION 1: I'm aware that the WIAA allows wheelchair athletes to participate in track and field. Is this also allowed in cross country?
ANSWER: No. At this time wheelchair athletes are not permitted to compete in cross country. When the WIAA receives a request from a member school, the same procedures used to approve track & field will be followed to gain approval for cross country.
QUESTION 2: At a recent meet, an athlete competed with an artificial lower leg. Is this legal? Is WIAA permission necessary?
ANSWER: Allowed, WIAA approval is not necessary provided the prosthetic device is not a "blade".
QUESTION 3: What medical items do not require WIAA approval?
ANSWER: Cast, splint (meet referee inspects to determine if padding is necessary), knee brace (does not need padding), insulin pump, prescription hearing aid. A non-medical device that is allowed: electronic monitoring ankle device.
QUESTION 4: What items require WIAA approval?
ANSWER: The coach should provide the meet referee with written approval for the following: EPI pen, prescribed heart monitor, head covering other then what is allowed per WIAA State Adaptation. Athletes running with a "guide" must present written WIAA approval prior to the competition. Athletes needing to carry/use an inhaler should present their physician's written orders to the meet referee prior to the competition.
QUESTION 5: The girls' team is wondering about wearing spandex not issued by the school as their uniform bottom. At recent meets, they have noticed other teams wearing a variety of brands within the same team and not school issued during competition. Let me know your thoughts and decision.
ANSWER: Logos are not considered as a part of the uniform design and therefore do not need to match. There is an example in the Case Book 4.3.2, sit. A. I know of several schools who restock their shorts supply frequently and often switch brands, which would explain the different logos.
If your athletes wish to purchase their own spandex bottoms, this would be legal, even if they had different logos as long as they are identical in color and design. If your administration approves this, they then would be considered "school issued" (approved).
QUESTION 6: Recently, we've had officials tell us that the very small headbands my girls wear for hair control are illegal because of the manufacturer's logos. Please clarify the rule.
ANSWER: Regarding hair control devices, Wisconsin is following the NFHS Rule 4-3-3d which does not address this issue. The ruling would be that logos on hair control headbands are legal. Headbands (knitted, wide ear warmers worn during cold weather) are governed by the State Association Regulations, which also applies to knitted caps. These items are subject to the single manufacturer's logo restriction.
QUESTION 7: Are we allowed to run JV boys and girls together?
ANSWER: Yes, this would be permitted provided the genders are scored separately.
QUESTION 8: Is it a rules violation if a runner begins a race wearing shoes, purposely removes them during the race and finishes in socks ?
ANSWER: Illegal. Please refer to rule 9-6-1a1; "Each competitor shall wear shoes."
QUESTION 9: Our cross country coach had a question regarding uniforms. Does the team have to be wearing the same shorts or same color shorts for a cross country meet at the high school level?
Our students wear black shorts as part of their uniform. Some runners prefer the running type shorts and others prefer the spandex type.
ANSWER: Rule 9-6-1 states that athletes should have identical color and designed uniforms. Styles (length of bottoms/material/etc.) may vary.
QUESTION 10: With the new jewelry rule, is it correct that medical alert items no longer have to be taped to the body if they are on chains, etc.? Are medical alerts considered jewelry?
ANSWER: That is correct. Medical alerts had not been considered jewelry in the past. It is no longer necessary to tape the medal to the body, but make sure the information on the medal is clearly visible.
QUESTION 11: During a CC race, lightning is seen or thunder is heard. What is the correct procedure to follow? What if the race has just begun? What if the race is approximately 3/4 finished? How do we actually get runners stopped if they are 1/2 mile or further away? If we somehow stop the race and the runners are on the course, won’t it take them as long (or longer) to get back to the finish line even though the race has been stopped? Exposed to bad weather longer than if they had finished the race?
ANSWER: This has been asked/answered several times in the cross country Q & A and probably in past rules videos. Host schools are expected to have a clear plan in place to move athletes/spectators from the course. Air horn, etc. As you indicated, with the use of technology, if there is an imminent threat of severe weather, the race should not be started. Officials must use their best judgment in allowing runners to actually finish, but only if that route is shorter then abandoning the race course in a move to shelter.
QUESTION 12: Further discussion on thunder/lightning. The NFHS rule is “see or hear.” With today’s technology available through smart phones, tablets, etc., is there a “safe” distance that lightning strikes can be from the site even though nothing is seen or heard? i.e. The computer picks up a lightning strike 3 miles away, but nothing is seen or heard at the site of competition. Conversely, sheet lightning is seen, but it is documented that it is 15 miles away. The rule deals only with “see or hear”—no provision for technology assistance.
ANSWER: That is correct at this time. Best practice is if host or officials have access to radar which indicates lightening in the vicinity, even if it hasn't been seen or heard, take action to move runners/spectators to shelter.
QUESTION 13: None of us could find the rule reference for the watch with GPS capabilities (Question #18 on the exam). Can you provide us the reference?
ANSWER: This is an NFHS clarification, which has been shared in the past. GPS is considered an aid, which is prohibited in rule 4-6-5d.
QUESTION 14: I cannot find any reference to arm sleeves in the rules book, case book, or WIAA website. The only thing similar I can find is from a bulletin referencing using the sleeves in basketball, but only for medical purposes. Should I be looking outside of the cross country section and go into the track section?
ANSWER: Legal. Generally, if you do not see something listed in the NFHS rule book or WI Adaptations as being prohibited, it means its legal.
QUESTION 15: Could I get a clarification on sports bra as a foundation garment? Does this mean our girls do not have to have matching color sports bras? Most of the time they are not noticeable, but once in awhile we get a girl who has a loose uniform top and you can see the sides of it. Just want to make sure before I tell them they all have to go buy the same color.
ANSWER: Regarding the sports bra, please refer to page 31 of the NFHS Case Book. 4.3.1, sit. L COMMENT: "A sports bra is considered a foundation garment. They are not considered as visible undergarments and therefore could contain more than one color in the fabric." All rules referencing sports bra restrictions were removed from the rule book over 10 years ago.
2013 Cross Country Q & A’s
Vol. 1 – 10/8/13
QUESTION 1: My athletes would like to wear a) face paint, b) temporary tattoos, c) their time goals marked on their hand with permanent marker. Which of these would be legal?
ANSWER: Cross Country Coaches Advisory has determined that face paint is prohibited as it detracts from the integrity of the event. Temporary tattoos (school nickname, mascot, etc.) are allowed as is a discreet marking on the body. Coaches are reminded that the athletes are representing their school and that as representatives they should uphold the high standards of their school and team.
QUESTION 2: Recently, we've had officials tell us that the very small headbands my girls wear for hair control are illegal because of the manufacturer's logos. Please clarify the rule.
ANSWER: Regarding hair control devices, Wisconsin is following the NFHS Rule 4-3-3d which does not address this issue. The ruling would be that logos on hair control headbands are legal. Headbands (knitted, wide ear warmers worn during cold weather) are governed by the State Association Regulations which also applies to knitted caps. These items are subject to the single manufacturer's logo restriction.
QUESTION 3: We recently had an athlete compete with a guide. Is this allowed?
ANSWER: Yes, but officials must ask the coach to show the WIAA issued waiver which gives the athlete permission to run with a guide. Coaches are encouraged to show the waiver to the meet referee during the pre-meet coaches meeting.
Answer Allowed. “A school may change its squad make-up from one level of tournament competition to the next.”
QUESTION 1 Are the shoes with the individual toes legal?
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